In the context of the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Coalition for the Diversity of Cultural Expressions is urging that the global cultural exemption clause be maintained. To date, the Canadian government has made a commitment to preserve it. Following its agreement with Mexico on electronic commerce, the United States asked Canada for some compromises, the consequences of which could be disastrous. This note explains what the cultural exemption is and why it should be maintained, particularly with regard to digital trade.